Tactile Breast Examination is a unique breast screening technique that uses the highly developed sensory skills of visually impaired women for manual breast health screening. Dr Frank Hoffmann pioneered the internationally accepted Discovering Hands concept and ‘Tactile Breast Examination’ (TBE) technique. According to the American Cancer Society Guidelines, the standard screening process of mammography should start at the age of 45. Breast cancer in Indian women is a decade younger in comparison to western women with the peak incidence at 40– 50 years and Indian women have inherently higher breast density. Both facts suggest the limited application of screening mammography in Indian settings. The manual breast screening methods in the form of Self Breast Examination (SBE) and Clinical Breast Examination (CBE) are also sparingly used.
About The Study
A validation study was started by the CK Birla Hospital for Women, Gurugram and NAB India Centre for Blind Women in March 2019, with support from the Bayer Crops Science Group in India in collaboration with Discovering Hands, Germany.
Dr Mandeep Malhotra, Director, Surgical Oncology & The Breast Centre, CK Birla Hospital for Women said, “The country is witnessing a steady rise in the incidence of breast cancer and also mortality due to the disease. In urban areas, one in 22 women is likely to suffer from breast cancer during their lifetime. Of these, 50% may not survive within five years of diagnosis. Inadequate screening and advanced stage of presentation are the contributors to the rising death toll.”
How Does This Work?
In the process of finding a possible solution for early detection, the enhanced touch (Tactile Sensation) of visually impaired women, called Medical Tactile Examiner (MTE) was evaluated. These MTEs have been trained to conduct Breast Examination. Apart from detecting 17 women with lesions having adverse pathology, extrapolating 1 in 22 lifetime risk in 500 women, the blind women by their skills have improved survival of another 23 unfortunate women who will develop breast cancer in future. The above trends describe the immense potential of visually impaired women who can make a huge difference in tackling the rising menace of breast cancer.